Using Ansible Dynamic Inventory to deploy Web Server on AWS

Task 2:

Statement : Deploy Web Server on AWS through ANSIBLE!

🔅Provision EC2 instance through ansible.

🔅Retrieve the IP Address of instance using dynamic inventory concept.

🔅Configure the web server through ansible!

🔅Create role for webserver to customize the Instance and deploy the webpage to root directory.

In Ansible a static inventory file is a plain text file that contains a list of managed hosts declared under a host group using either hostnames or IP addresses. So we have to manually add managed host information if any new host come. So to overcome this issue Ansible also has concept of Dynamic inventory file which can pull inventory information from dynamic sources, like cloud sources, container services, etc.

So in this blog i will be deploying web server using Ansible dynamic inventory file on AWS.

Before we move further as usual here are few requirements:

  1. Basic knowledge of Cloud Computing (here AWS)
  2. Basic knowledge of Ansible like roles, playbook, vault, etc.
  3. Already configured Ansible tool
  4. Boto library pip3 install boto plugin file for ec2 dynamic inventory
  5. Optional: My Github repository

So here are the steps:

Step 1: Check your ansible configuration file

ansible --version

and edit it like given below

Step 2: Create Ansible Dynamic inventory directory. Create only where you have specified it in ansible.cfg file like below

mkdir /home/ansible_task2

Step 3: Download ansible dynamic inventory in your inventory directory and make it executable. You can get it from here using wget command.

chmod +x

Step 4: Provide your AWS IAM credentials as environment variable where you want to launch and manage ec2 services.
The dynamic inventory will use credentials directly from here.

Step 5: You can check the file by running command. It will show all information in your AWS profile

./ — list

Step 6: Create 2 roles one for launching instance and one for configuring web server where you have specified roles_path in ansible configuration file

ansible-galaxy init ec2_instance 
ansible-galaxy init web_server

You can verify by using command

ansible-galaxy list

Step 7: This step is for creating roles file for both files. If you don’t want to create your own, you may skip to step 8 and get roles directory from my github repo

Role 1 => For launching ec2 instance

  • Now edit tasks/main.yml file of ec2_instance and write below module to launch ec2 instance
  • Provide credentials of AWS in vars/main.yml file

Optional: You can also encrypt your var file as shown below to protect your credentials by using valut

What is ansible vault?

Ansible Vault encrypts variables and files so you can protect sensitive content such as passwords or keys rather than leaving it visible as plaintext in playbooks or roles. To use Ansible Vault you need one or more passwords to encrypt and decrypt content.

Step 8: Role 2=> For configuring web server

  • Edit tasks/main.yml file of web_server role
  • Create a template file in <templates/> directory in web_server role and you can write your configuration in this.
  • Also edit handlers/main.yml file and provide service module here so if any change made in configuration file and playbook is ran again then it will restart the service

Step 8: Create two playbook files one for ec2_instance role and one for web_server role

Step 9: Run the playbooks, first that launch instance and then which configure web server

Note: Use ask-vault-pass option in ec2_instance playbook and enter Vault password that if you have encrypted it earlier.

Launch ec2_instance playbook

ansible-playbook <playbook_name_ec2_instance> --ask-vault-pass

Now launch web_server playbook

ansible-playbook <playbook_name_web_server>

That’s it now you can access your web page from your browser

Note: If you are not able to see webpage then you may have not enable that port in Security Group of AWS that you have provided.

Here’s what are the inbound rules shoul look like:

Finally completed this Task. hope you like it!!!!!




Love podcasts or audiobooks? Learn on the go with our new app.

Recommended from Medium

Chapter 1- Why I Want to Become a Software Engineer and Attend Holberton School

Generate E-Invoice API Integration

Adding Pandas library to AWS Lambda Layer using Docker

Building a Simple Calculator in Kotlin Using Android Studio

Stellar Dev Digest: Issue #64

Error LNK2005 already defined in boost_thread…

Instagram Scraping 2017/01/31

Revision - Instagram Photo Management Table.png

The Plan for Developer Training

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store


More from Medium

Installing SonarQube on AWS EC2 instance and Integrating it with AWS CodePipeline

How to run docker containers on AWS?

Deploy Jenkins agents using EC2 Spot instances

Setup Jenkins on AWS Linux EC2 Instance